Total Area 811 km2
Land 811 km2
Water 0 km2
Highest Elevation  

Land Use
Arable 2.74%
Perm. Crop 47.95%
Other 49.31% (2005)

Population 107,817 (July 2007 est.)
Population Growth Rate 2.235% (2007 est.)

GDP per capita (PPP) $2,800 (2004 est.)

Water Statistics
Avg Rainfall
South of the equator: 1,300 mm
Tarawa: 2,000 mm
Northernmost islands: over 3,200 mm Eastern Line Islands: less than 1,000 mm

Status of Water Resources
Sources of freshwater for Kiribati’s island communities are restricted to rainwater(supplementary sources of freshwater), shallow unconfined groundwater (generally within less than 2 m of the surface), imported water or desalination (Falkland 2002). Seawater is used by many for bathing.

The raised island of Banaba uniquely has fresh water pools in subterranean caves that could serve as an emergency source of water in times of severe drought (Overmars and Butcher 2001). In addition, during the British Phosphate Commission period water was imported in phosphate boats and stored in large 4,500 m3 storage tanks on the island. Water in these tanks is currently unused because of the presence of rust suspension in the water.

Problems with Water Resources and Associated Environment Issues

Numerous reports and policy decisions have clearly enunciated the major issues and concerns in water and sanitation in Kiribati. Some of the principal concerns are listed below.
Diagnostic Report
Demonstration Proposal
Hot Spot Analysis

Information on this page obtained from Integrated Water Resources Management programme's Diagnostic Reports (SOPAC 2007)
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