PACIFIC ISLANDS APPLIED GEOSCIENCE COMMISSION
Map Cook Islands Federated Sates of Micronesia Fiji Kiribati Nauru Niue Papua New Guinea Republic of Marshall Islands Republic of Palau Samoa Solomon Islands Tonga Tuvalu Vanuatu
Country
Population
Land Area
Climate
Water resource
Water consumption
Country Cook Islands Cook Islands
Population 21,750 (July 2007 est.)
Land Area 236.7 km2
Climate
Water resource
Water consumption
Country Federated Sates of Micronesia Federated Sates of Micronesia
Population 107,862 (July 2007 est.)
Land Area 702 km2
Climate
Water resource Avg Rainfall: 4,928 mm per annum
Water consumption
Country Fiji Fiji
Population 918 675 (July 2007 est.)
Land Area 18,270 km2
Climate
Water resource Avg Rainfall: 2000 - 3000 mm per annum
Water consumption
Country Kiribati Kiribati
Population 107,817 (July 2007 est.)
Land Area 811 km2
Climate
Water resource Avg Rainfall: South of the equator: 1,300 mm Tarawa: 2,000 mm Northernmost islands: over 3,200mm Eastern Line Islands: less than 1,000 mm
Water consumption
Country Nauru Nauru
Population 11,528 (July 2007 est.)
Land Area 21 km2
Climate
Water resource Avg Rainfall: 2,090 mm per annum
Water consumption
Country Niue Niue
Population 1,625m(GoN statistics 2006)
Land Area 260 km2
Climate
Water resource Avg Rainfall: 2,180 mm per annum
Water consumption
Country Papua New Guinea Papua New Guinea
Population 5,795,887 (July 2007 est.)
Land Area 462,840 km2
Climate
Water resource Avg Rainfall:1000-80000 mm per annum
Water consumption
Country Republic of Marshall Islands Republic of Marshall Islands
Population 20,842
Land Area 458 km2
Climate
Water resource Avg Rainfall: 3,700 mm per annum
Water consumption
Country Republic of Palau Republic of Palau
Population 61,815(July 2007 est.)
Land Area 11,854.3 km2
Climate
Water resource Avg Rainfall: Southern attols: 4,000mm Northern attols:2,000 mm per annum
Water consumption
Country Samoa Samoa
Population 214,265
Land Area 2,944 km2
Climate
Water resource Avg Rainfall: 3,000 mm per annum
Water consumption
Country Solomon Islands Solomon Islands
Population 566,842
Land Area 28,450 km2
Climate
Water resource Avg Rainfall:1500-5000 mm per annum
Water consumption
Country Tonga Tonga
Population 116,921
Land Area 748 km2
Climate
Water resource Avg Rainfall: Varies from north and south of tonga with an estimated average of 2500 mm per annum
Water consumption
Country Tuvalu Tuvalu
Population 11.992 (July 2007 est.)
Land Area 26 km2
Climate
Water resource Avg Rainfall: 3000mm per annum
Water consumption
Country Vanuatu Vanuatu
Population 211,971 (July 2007 est.)
Land Area 12,200 km2
Climate
Water resource Avg Rainfall: 2000 - 4000 mm per annum
Water consumption
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Pacific IWRM Programme

Fourteen Pacific Island countries (Cook Islands, Federated States of Micronesia, Fiji, Kiribati, Marshall Islands, Nauru, Niue, Palau, Papua New Guinea, Samoa, Solomon Islands, Tonga, Tuvalu, Vanuatu) are being supported thorough the Pacific IWRM programme to implement applicable and effective Integrated Water Resource Management and Water Use Efficiency (WUE) plans based on best practices and demonstrations.

With a total estimated budget of over USD 80 million (from a range of co-financers on the regional and national level) the programme will support the implementation of the Pacific Regional Action Plan on Sustainable Water Management that aims to improve the assessment and monitoring of water resources, reduce water pollution, improve access to technologies, strengthen institutional agreements, and leverage additional financial resources in supporting IWRM.

The programme has been developed by Pacific island countries and SOPAC through the Pacific Water Partnership and consists of two main projects:

  • The “Pacific IWRM National Planning Programme” is funded for three years (2008-2010) by the European Union, and focuses on strengthening governance structures (coordinating national water committees) and frameworks (policy, legislation, action plans) to mainstream IWRM and WUE in to national planning processes; and
  • The “Sustainable Integrated Water Resources and Wastewater Management Project in Pacific Island Countries” (Pacific IWRM Project for short) is funded for five years (2008-2013) by the Global Environment Facility and implemented in collaboration with the United Nations Environment and Development Programmes (UNEP and UNDP). It focuses on practically demonstrating and developing IWRM best practice to address national priority water issues.

The two projects have been designed together over a period of four years and provide complimentary and mutually beneficial support to each other. As part of the design process countries have undertaken situational or needs analyses (National Diagnostic Analyses), to provide the basis for policy development, strategy choice, the development of National IWRM Plans, and on-the ground demonstrations to test and evaluate the effectiveness of integrated approaches to:

  • Balance conflicting uses of scarce freshwater resources
  • Improve public and environmental health by ensuring consistent water availability and quality
  • Reduce effects of soil erosion, inadequate sanitation and other harmful activities on the quality of fresh and coastal waters
  • Reduce vulnerability to droughts, floods, landslides and pollution